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Ntshav Qab Zib hom 2 yog mob dab tsi thiab teeb meem li cas

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Ntshav Qab zib yog ib tus mob tshuam sim hauv roj ntsha, tawm kab mob los ntawm cov tib neeg rog, koom caj ceg. Xis li yog niam txiv mob ntshav qab zib ces tej thaum tub nyuas yuav raug mob thiab.

1. Ntshav Qab Zib Hom 2 yog dab tsi ?

Ntshav qab zib hom 2 yog hom mob ntshav qabzib (Glucose) ntau yam tshwm sim los ntawm Hyperglycemia, vim ob qho kev cuam tshuam ntawm insulin secretion thiab cov nyhuv ntawm cov tshuaj insulin.

Thawj txoj haujlwm thaum tsim cov ntshav qab zib hom 2 yog cov tshuaj tiv thaiv insulin, uas txhais tau tias koj lub cev tsis siv cov tshuaj insulin kom raug lossis insulin tsis ua haujlwm. Thaum xub thawj, lub Po (Pancreas) xeeb cov insulin ntau ntxiv los pab rau nws. Tab sis sijhawm dhau mus, koj lub Po (Pancreas) tsis tuaj yeem tswj tau thiab tsis tso tawm cov tshuaj insulin kom txaus rau cov ntshav qab zib kom zoo li qub lawm.

Yooj yim dua, koj nkag siab tias insulin yog tus choj uas coj cov khoom noj khoom haus tseem ceeb tshaj plaws hauv lub cev xis li cov Glucose mus rau hauv cov nqaij (Cell), pab cov hlwb tsim lub zog.

Thaum lub cev muaj cov kabmob insulin, cov Glucose tsis txaus rau hauv cov nqaij (Cell), tam sim ntawd koj lub hlwb yuav “tshaib plab”, txhais tau tias cov ntshav qabzib yuav nce ntxiv. Cov ntshav qabzib (Glucose) nyob hauv cov ntshav nce siab yuav ua tau ntau qhov txaus ntshai tshaj plawg rau koj tus kheej.

2. Teeb meem txaus ntshai ntawm tus mob ntshav Qab zib hom 2

Mob ntshav qabzib nyob ntev yuav muaj teeb meem rau ntawm cov carbohydrate, protide, lipide metabolism, ua rau ntau qhov kev puas tsuaj, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob hauv lub plawv thiab cov hlab ntsha, raum, qhov muag, cov leeg ntshav, thiab cov hniav. Cov teeb meem ntawm hom 2 ntshav qab zib muaj xws li:

  • Kev mob plawv

Kab mob plawv yog qhov tshwm sim ua rau tuag taus rau cov neeg muaj ntshav qab zib. Qhov cuam tshuam ntawm hyperglycemia tuaj yeem ua rau mob rau cov hlab ntshav (ua rau myocardial infarction) thiab mob stroke. Ntshav siab, ntshav siab, ntshav qabzib ntshav thiab lwm yam kev pheej hmoo ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo mob plawv.

  • Cov mob raum

Mob ntshav qab zib ua rau cov ntshav viav vias hauv ob lub raum ua rau lub raum tsis ua hauj lwm zoo los yog lub raum tsis ua haujlwm. Kab mob hauv lub raum yog cov neeg mob ntshav qab zib ntau dua li cov uas tsis muaj nws. Tswj cov ntshav qabzib thiab ntshav siab ua rau lub raum mob tsis zoo.

  • Neuropathy vim ntshav qab zib

Ntshav qab zib Hom 2 tuaj yeem ua rau cov leeg puas thoob plaws lub cev thaum ntshav qabzib thiab ntshav siab dhau lawm. Qhov no ua rau cov teeb meem plab zom mov, erectile kawg thiab ntau lwm yam haujlwm.

  • Mob ntshav qab zib retinopathy vim muaj ntshav qab zib

Cov neeg muaj ntshav qab zib feem ntau yuav pib txhim kho qee yam kab mob qhov muag uas yuav txo qhov muag lossis dig muag. Nrhav cov ntshav qabzib hauv cov ntshav nrog cov ntshav siab thiab cov roj (cholesterol) siab yog qhov ua kom rov qab zoo dua. Tus mob no tuaj yeem tswj hwm los ntawm kev kuaj qhov muag tsis tu ncua. Ua kom cov ntshav qabzib lossis ntshav siab nyob ze lossis ib txwm.

  • Teeb meem thaum cev xeeb tub

Cov ntshav qabzib hauv lub cev thaum xeeb tub tuaj yeem ua rau tus menyuam rog dhau lawm. Qhov no tuaj yeem yooj yim ua rau muaj kev phom sij txog kev yug menyuam rau menyuam yaus thiab niam. kev pheej hmoo ntawm cov ntshav qog ntshav sai sai hauv cov menyuam mos tom qab yug menyuam. Cov menyuam yaus muaj ntshav qabzib ntau nyob rau lub sijhawm cev xeeb tub muaj feem ntau yuav muaj ntshav qab zib ntau dua li lwm tus menyuam yaus.

3. Leej twg ntxim mob ntshav qab zib hom 2 ?

Cov nram qab no qhia rau cov uas yuav muaj rau hom 2 ntshav qab zib yog ntau dua li ib txwm:

  • Tsev neeg muaj keeb kwm muaj mob ntshav qab zib
  • Keeb kwm mob ntshav qab zib gestational
  • Lub hnub nyoog siab (tib neeg laus)
  • Haiv neeg (muaj tej haiv neeg yooj yim mob ntshav qabzib)
  • Kev noj haus (noj nqaij rog, nqaij txhiab, nqaij ci thiab haus bias ntau)
  • Khoom noj khoom haus tsis zoo thaum cev xeeb tub
  • Kev siv dag zog tsawg dhau (tub nkeeg)
  • Rog dhau (lub cev rog dhau lawm)
  • Mob ntshav siab (mob ntshav siab yooj yim tawm mob ntshav qabzib)
  • Glucose intolerance (Cov mob ntshav qab zib ntau dua li ib txwm tab sis tseem tsis tau muaj ntshav qab zib)

Mus saib ntxiv Kev tiv thaiv thiab cov tshuaj kho tus mob ntshav Qab zib

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